Many countries have what is referred to as Judicial Review.
This is where a higher court review a lower court or administrative board and/or tribunal's decision based on an error of law.
Their are several types of proceedings which are considered to be Judicial Review:
Mandamus, Prohibition, Certiorari,
Declaration, Injunction, or both a Declaration & Injunction.
Mandamus is Latin for "We Command Thee". A writ of Mandamus is a judicial writ issued as a command to an inferior court, administrative board and/or tribunal, a government institution, or a individual who is to perform a public or statutory (by law) duty.
The legal requirements for a Writ of Mandamus to be considered by a higher court is:
Certiorari is Latin for "To Be Informed". A Writ of Certiorari is where a higher court reviews a decision of a lower court, an administrative board and/or tribunal.
This is commonly used by injured workers as a form of appealing a tribunal decision. This is to have a WCT decision over turned if the WCT committed an error of law in their decision. Know that it is very difficult to do this and can be very costly in legal fees if you are represented. It is not enough to believe they committed an error of law, you MUST PROVE it!
A Declaration is where a party seeks a declaration from the court for a organization and/or an individual who
An injunction is if a party wishes another to stop or to prevent something from happening.
I am still working on this page and verifying my information, so please double check the information and know it is not complete yet.