The Workers' Compensation system in Canada has separate legislation and policies for each province or territory. The majority of Canadian workers are covered in some form by Workers' Compensation when they are at work. The workforce is mobile and injuries or occupational diseases may occur as a result of exposures or accidents in more than one province or territory. To assist workers in navigating often complex adjudicative systems, legislators have provided for Workers' Advisors/Advocates across Canada.
The Canadian Association of Workers' Advisors and Advocates (CAWAA) was founded in the year 2000. Advisors and Advocates identified the need to bridge a communication gap among provincial and territorial Workers' Advisor/Advocate programs. CAWAA is a national affiliation created to develop a professional system of sharing information with the free exchange of common interests and ideas.
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The Institute for Work & Health is an independent, not-for-profit organization. Our mission is to promote, protect and improve the safety and health of working people by conducting actionable research that is valued by employers, workers and policy-makers.
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They take new inquiries for legal help during our regular office hours. We do not take new inquiries by email, so please call us. See ‘About Us’ for more information.
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Toll-free in Ontario: 1-877-230-6311
Toll-free in Canada for Migrant Workers: 1-866-521-8535
What is an Intervenor?
In Canada, for example, Intervenors are most common in appellate proceedings, but can also appear at other types of legal proceeding such as a trial.
In general, it is within the discretion of the court to allow or refuse an application to intervene. There are exceptions to this however (for example, under subrule 61(4) of the Rules of the Supreme Court of Canada, if the court has stated a constitutional question then the attorney general of any province or territory, or of the federal government, may intervene "as of right", i.e. without the need to be granted leave to intervene).
Courts will tend to allow an application to intervene if the applicant will provide a different perspective on the issues before the court, without expanding those issues.
Intervenors are permitted in criminal matters as well as civil matters. However, courts sometimes express concern in allowing applications for intervention in criminal matters where the applicant will make arguments against the position of the accused. It sometimes is seen as unfair that the accused in a criminal matter be required to meet arguments from sources other than the prosecution.
These are organizations that are setup to help and advocate for injured workers. They are non profit and are independent of any government ministry or department.
As they are not for profit and have extremely limited resources, they rarely take on individual cases. They do generally intervene in matters at the Provincial/State or Federal Appeal Court level as an intervenor.
There are several distinct reasons why someone might wish to intervene in a proceeding:
It is often said that the role of intervenors is to "assist" the court in making a just decision on the dispute at hand. While it is true that judges sometimes do indicate that intervenors have been of aid to the court in reaching a decision, the use of the word "assist" can be seen as misleading in that it implies the intervenor is acting altruistically. In general, the goal of the intervenor is to influence the court in making its decision, not just to "assist" the court.
Canadian courts (also courts in UK) use the term "amicus curiae" in a more limited sense. Generally, in Canada, an amicus curiae is someone who has been specifically commissioned by the court to provide a viewpoint which the court believes is necessary and otherwise lacking. By contrast, an intervenor is someone who has applied to the court to be heard on a matter. For example, the Quebec Secession Reference (a case in the Supreme Court of Canada) had one amicus curiae and several intervenors.
The definition information obtained from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intervention_(law)
If you know of a non government organization
that represents or helps injured workers, or even acts as an intervenor,
then Please send me their information using my contact page and I will add it here, to help others!